Babies may have as many as 100 spasms a day. The seizures may be more likely to happen just as the baby is waking up. Infantile spasms most often begin between 4 and 7 months, but can start any time in the first few years of life. Later onset spasms may also occur but are rare.
Why does my baby have spasms?
Infantile spasms (also called West syndrome) can be caused by brain malformations, infections, brain injury, or abnormal blood vessels in the brain. IS also can happen in babies with certain metabolic and genetic disorders. In rare cases, a baby’s infantile spasms are caused by vitamin B6 deficiency.
Are baby spasms normal?
Expect some of the following: Sudden jerks or twitches of the arms, hands or legs. If they only occur during sleep, they are most likely normal. How Long: last a few seconds, but can recur.
How do I know if my baby has infantile spasms?
Symptoms of Infantile Spasms (IS)
- Raise their arms over their head or stick their arms straight out to the side.
- Stiffen their legs or “tuck them into the belly,” as if having stomach pain.
- Suddenly bend at the waist.
- Drop or bob their heads briefly.
- Roll their eyes back suddenly with subtle head nodding.
When should I worry about baby twitching?
If the twitching stops immediately upon waking, it’s likely harmless myoclonic twitches. They won’t continue when the baby isn’t asleep. If your baby is experiencing twitching movements or stiffening when awake, you may be dealing with a seizure issue such as: Infantile spasms.
What does seizure look like in baby?
Febrile seizures: The infant’s limbs may either stiffen or twitch and jerk, and their eyes may roll. These seizures are the most common type of infant seizures and are usually caused by a fever above 102 degrees. For an example of how a febrile seizure might look, click here.
What does an infantile spasm look like?
Infantile spasms, sometimes called West syndrome, are a type of seizure that occurs in babies. The spasms look like a sudden stiffening of muscles, and the baby’s arms, legs, or head may bend forward. The seizures occur in a series of short spasms, about one to two seconds in length.
Why do babies spasm in their sleep?
But researchers believe that twitching may actually be part of a baby’s motor skills development. When a baby’s body twitches during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, it’s triggering circuits throughout the brain to teach newborns about their limbs and how to use them, University of Iowa researchers believe.
Can infantile spasm be cured?
Many children with infantile spasms develop other kinds of epilepsy. (Watch examples of infantile spasms.) “Some of these children can be cured, but successful treatment often depends on prompt diagnosis,” said Hussain.
What are the signs to look for in neurological symptoms in infants?
Neonatal Neurological Disorder Symptoms
- Decreased level of consciousness.
- Abnormal movements.
- Feeding difficulty.
- Changes in body temperature.
- Rapid changes in head size and tense soft spot.
- Changes in muscle tone (either high or low)
What happens if infantile spasms are left untreated?
Left untreated, infantile spasms can lead to serious outcomes, including an estimated infant mortality rate of between 5% and 6%. The most significant concern, however, is that infantile spasms are associated with autism and intellectual deficits that permanently affect quality of life.
What is the best treatment for infantile spasms?
Treatment of infantile spasms has little class I data, but adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), prednisolone and vigabatrin have the best evidence as first-line medications. Other therapies including the ketogenic diet and other anti-epileptics medications may also prove useful in the treatment of infantile spasms.
What is West baby syndrome?
West syndrome is a constellation of symptoms characterized by epileptic/infantile spasms, abnormal brain wave patterns called hypsarrhythmia and intellectual disability.
Can babies have spasms in the womb?
Some people have described it as a twitch or pulsating feeling that is akin to a muscle spasm. Women may start to feel the baby move between weeks 16 to 20 or sometimes later than this. The first fetal movement is called quickening.