It might lead to the baby being born early and also could cause seizures or a stroke (a blood clot or a bleed in the brain that can lead to brain damage) in the woman during labor and delivery. Women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes have high blood pressure more often than women without diabetes.
How does diabetes affect a pregnant woman?
Poor control of diabetes during pregnancy increases the chances for birth defects and other problems for the pregnancy. It can also cause serious complications for the woman. Proper health care before and during pregnancy can help prevent birth defects and other health problems.
What happens to baby if mother is diabetic?
This can affect the baby and mother during pregnancy, at the time of birth, and after birth. Infants of diabetic mothers (IDM) are often larger than other babies, especially if diabetes is not well-controlled. This may make vaginal birth harder and may increase the risk for nerve injuries and other trauma during birth.
What kind of birth defects does diabetes cause?
Among the defects in children born to women with diabetes are heart problems, brain and spinal defects, oral clefts, kidney and gastrointestinal tract defects, and limb deficiencies. Diabetes diagnosed before pregnancy was linked with about 50% of the birth defect categories analyzed.
What should a pregnant woman with diabetes avoid?
Try to avoid eating simple carbohydrates, such as potatoes, french-fries, white rice, candy, soda, and other sweets. This is because they cause your blood sugar to rise quickly after you eat such foods. Vegetables are good for your health and your blood sugar. Enjoy lots of them.
Can a diabetic mom have a healthy baby?
If you are healthy and your diabetes is well controlled when you become pregnant, you have a good chance of having a normal pregnancy and birth. Diabetes that is not well controlled during pregnancy can affect your health long-term and can also be risky for your baby.
What happens when your sugar is too high while pregnant?
The mother could possibly develop low blood sugar — hypoglycemia — instead, because so much insulin moves into the baby’s bloodstream. However, the most serious risk of gestational diabetes is the death of the fetus, if the mother’s blood sugar stays too high for too long.
Why do diabetics have large babies?
The combination of high blood glucose levels from the mother and high insulin levels in the fetus results in large deposits of fat which causes the fetus to grow excessively large. Birth injury may occur due to the baby’s large size and difficulty being born.
Do diabetic mothers deliver early?
Although many women with type 1 or 2 diabetes have a healthy birth, there are some risks associated with giving birth if you have diabetes. You will be advised to give birth early to reduce the risk of stillbirth. This will usually be during week 37 or week 38 of your pregnancy.
Can a diabetic woman have a baby?
If a woman with diabetes keeps her blood sugar well controlled before and during pregnancy, she can increase her chances of having a healthy baby. Controlling blood sugar also reduces the chance that a woman will develop common problems of diabetes, or that the problems will get worse during pregnancy.
Will one high blood sugar hurt my baby?
High blood glucose levels during pregnancy can also increase the chance that your baby will be born too early, weigh too much, or have breathing problems or low blood glucose right after birth. High blood glucose also can increase the chance that you will have a miscarriage link or a stillborn baby.
What are the warning signs of gestational diabetes?
Warning Signs of Gestational Diabetes
- Sugar in the urine.
- Unusual thirst.
- Frequent urination.
- Blurred vision.
- Vaginal, bladder and skin infections.
What can a pregnant woman eat with type 2 diabetes?
Your diet in pregnancy with type 1 or 2 diabetes
- carbohydrates such as breads, rice, pasta, grains and potatoes. Choose wholegrain varieties where possible.
- fruit and vegetables.
- pulses, such as baked beans, butter beans or lentils.
- dairy products such as milk, hard cheese and yogurt.
- lean meats and fish.
What can a pregnant diabetic eat for breakfast?
- Eat a small breakfast.
- Eat whole-grain bread products.
- Eat a food that has protein.
- Do not eat cereal or fruit.
- Do not drink fruit juice at breakfast or any other time of the day. Fruit juice raises your blood glucose very quickly.
What is the normal blood sugar level for a pregnant woman?
For the three-hour test: A normal fasting blood glucose level is lower than 95 mg/dL (5.3 mmol/L). One hour after drinking the glucose solution, a normal blood glucose level is lower than 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L).